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Int J Antimicrob Agents. 2002 Nov;20(5):333-8.

Impact of an antibiotic policy on antibiotic use in a paediatric department. Individual based follow-up shows that antibiotics were chosen according to diagnoses and bacterial findings.

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Department of Internal Medicine, Aker University Hospital, N-0514 Oslo, Norway.


Guidelines and clinical Cupertino for rational antibiotic use were implemented in a Norwegian paediatric department in 1994. From 1994 to 1998 the use of antibiotics and expenditures was reduced by 50%. There was an 80% decrease in the use of cloxacillin, a 74% decrease of aminoglycosides and a 59% decrease of cephalosporins. The use of penicillin V and G increased by 14% and ampicillins by 8%. Eight point prevalence studies showed that on average 23% (range 21-38%) of the patients were treated with antibiotics. Penicillins were used in 44% of courses, aminoglycosides in 35% of courses and cephalosporins in 9% of courses. Treatment was mostly adjusted to bacteriological findings. Compliance with guidelines was >90%. Guidelines for rational antibiotic policy and multidisciplinary co-operation lead to reduction in the use and expenses of antibiotics in a paediatric department.

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