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Br J Pharmacol. 2002 Dec;137(7):1021-30.

Immediate and delayed VEGF-mediated NO synthesis in endothelial cells: role of PI3K, PKC and PLC pathways.

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1
Department of Pharmacology, University of Montreal, Montreal (Qc), Canada.

Abstract

1. The mechanism(s) by which vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) induces endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) activation remain(s) unclear up to a certain extent. Therefore, we sought to evaluate the contribution of numerous pathways in VEGF-induced nitric oxide (NO) synthesis by measuring cGMP production. In addition, as VEGF induces the synthesis of NO and platelet-activating factor (PAF), we wanted to assess if the induction of PAF and NO is contributing to the synthesis of each other. 2. Herein, we show that a treatment of endothelial cells with a phospholipase C (PLC) inhibitor (U73122), a calmodulin antagonist (W-7) or with intracellular calcium chelators (EGTA/AM, BAPTA/AM) prevented VEGF-mediated eNOS Ser(1177)-phosphorylation and NO synthesis measured by cGMP production. 3. Pretreatment with phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) (Wortmannin, LY294002) or protein kinase C (PKC) (GF109203X, Ro318220) inhibitors attenuated eNOS Ser(1177)-phosphorylation mediated by VEGF, but did not alter immediate (0-10 min) cGMP synthesis induced by VEGF, but abrogated by up to 84% the delayed (10-30 min) cGMP synthesis. 4. Pretreatment with PAF synthesis inhibitors or with PAF receptor antagonists did not abrogate neither eNOS Ser(1177)-phosphorylation nor cGMP synthesis mediated by VEGF. 5. In conclusion, VEGF induces an immediate cGMP synthesis through the PLC-Ca2+/CaM pathway, and that the induction of delayed cGMP synthesis implies Akt and PKC activity.

PMID:
12429574
PMCID:
PMC1573579
DOI:
10.1038/sj.bjp.0704956
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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