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Biochemistry. 2002 Nov 19;41(46):13826-32.

Mutagenesis by acrolein-derived propanodeoxyguanosine adducts in human cells.

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Laboratory of Chemical Biology, State University of New York, Stony Brook, New York 11794-8651, USA.


Acrolein, which is widely spread in the environment and is produced by lipid peroxidation in cells, reacts with DNA to form two exocyclic 1,N2-propanodeoxyguanosine (PdG) adducts. To establish their relative contribution to the acrolein mutagenicity, the genotoxic properties of alpha-OH-PdG and gamma-OH-PdG together with their model DNA adduct, PdG, were studied in human cells. DNA adducts were incorporated site-specifically into a SV40/BK virus origin-based shuttle vector and replicated in xeroderma pigmentosum complementation group A (XPA) cells. Analysis of progeny plasmid revealed that alpha-OH-PdG and PdG strongly block DNA synthesis and that both adducts induced base substitutions with G --> T transversions predominating. Primer extension studies, catalyzed by the 3'-->5' exonuclease-deficient Klenow fragment of Escherichia coli pol I, revealed limited extension from the 3' primer termini opposite these two adducts. In contrast, gamma-OH-PdG did not strongly block DNA synthesis or miscode in XPA cells. Primer extension from a dC terminus opposite gamma-OH-PdG was much more efficient than that opposite alpha-OH-PdG or PdG. These results indicate that the minor alpha-OH-PdG adduct is more genotoxic than the major gamma-OH-PdG. Furthermore, experiments using a HeLa whole cell extract indicate that all three DNA adducts are not efficiently removed from DNA by base excision repair.

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