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J Bacteriol. 2002 Dec;184(23):6434-6.

Substrate specificity of the AmpG permease required for recycling of cell wall anhydro-muropeptides.

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Department of Molecular Biology and Microbiology, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts 02111, USA.


AmpG was originally identified as a gene required for induction of beta-lactamase. Subsequently, we found AmpG to be a permease required for recycling of murein tripeptide and uptake of anhydro-muropeptides. We have now studied the specificity of the AmpG permease. The principal requirement is for the presence of the disaccharide, N-acetylglucosaminyl-beta-1,4-anhydro-N-acetylmuramic acid (GlcNAc-anhMurNAc). These unique substrates for AmpG, which contain murein peptides linked to GlcNAc-anhMurNAc, are produced by turnover of the cell wall during logarithmic growth. AmpG permease is sensitive to carbonylcyanide m-chlorophenylhydrazone, demonstrating that AmpG permease is a single-component permease and that transport is dependent on the proton motive force.

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