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J Strength Cond Res. 2002 Nov;16(4):645-8.

Relations of strength training to body image among a sample of female university students.

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Division of Health, Physical Education, and Recreation, University of South Dakota, Vermillion, South Dakota 57069, USA.


College women enrolled in a strength training class were evaluated before and after the class using a combination of physical fitness measures, including weight, percentage of body fat, body circumference, and strength measures. Forty-nine subjects participated in strength training, twice a week for a total of 12 weeks. At the end of the class, participants were asked to respond to 9 open-ended questions dealing with perceptions of body image. Physical results of the study showed a mean weight gain of 1 lb, an average increase in body fat of 0.9%, and a 5-11 lb improvement in maximal lifting ability. In addition, most subjects reported that they felt healthier and more fit and had an improved body image and a better attitude about their physical selves after strength training. In this study, exercise using strength training improved strength and body image in women.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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