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Rheumatology (Oxford). 2002 Nov;41(11):1318-22.

Recurrent focal myositis of the peroneal muscles.

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Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University Hospital Aachen, Aachen, Germany.


Recurrent focal myositis is a rare entity and can be difficult to diagnose and treat. A long-term follow-up and diagnostic evaluation was carried out in a patient who presented with ankle stiffness secondary to a painful mass within the calf. This process was diagnosed as focal myositis of the peroneal muscles, which recurred over a period of 7 yr. A review of the literature regarding focal myositis, treatment options and a successful conservative therapy regimen, as an alternative to a surgical protocol, are presented. After making the diagnosis with the help of a muscle biopsy, long-term therapy should be considered. Conservative treatment of focal myositis with anti-inflammatory drugs and physical therapy can be successful but recurrence may occur if the medical treatment is interrupted.

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