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J Immunol. 2002 Nov 15;169(10):5860-5.

Enhanced recruitment of Th2 and CLA-negative lymphocytes by the S128R polymorphism of E-selectin.

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BHF Cardiovascular Medicine Unit, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College, Hammersmith Hospital, Du Cane Road, London, U.K. W12 0NN.


E-selectin is a cytokine-inducible endothelial cell adhesion molecule that binds a restricted population of T lymphocytes consisting of Th1 memory cells bearing the cutaneous lymphocyte Ag (CLA). A serine to arginine (S128R) polymorphism in E-selectin has been reported at increased frequency in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus and atherosclerosis. Here we tested the hypothesis that the S128R substitution may contribute to increased vascular disease by altering the number and/or phenotype of lymphocytes interacting with E-selectin under shear flow. We observed that CHO cell monolayers transfected with S128R recruited significantly greater numbers of unfractionated lymphocytes than monolayers expressing an equivalent density of wild-type (WT) E-selectin. Depletion of the CLA(+) subpopulation or generation of CLA(-) lymphoblasts abolished rolling and arrest on WT E-selectin, but left a residual population that interacted with S128R. Generation of Th subsets revealed preferential interaction of Th0 and Th2, but not Th1, cells with S128R compared with WT. However, only T cells of a memory phenotype interacted with S128R, since neither monolayer supported rolling of CD45RA(+) cells. Our results demonstrate that the S128R polymorphism extends the range of lymphocytes recruited by E-selectin, which may provide a mechanistic link between this polymorphism and vascular inflammatory disease.

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