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J Neurochem. 2002 Nov;83(4):1013-7.

ProSAP/Shank postsynaptic density proteins interact with insulin receptor tyrosine kinase substrate IRSp53.

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AG Molecular Neurobiology, Institute of Anatomy, UKM, Westfaelische Wilhelms-University, Münster, Germany.


The ProSAP/Shank family of multidomain proteins of the postsynaptic density (PSD) can either directly or indirectly interact with NMDA-type and metabotropic glutamate receptors and the actin-based cytoskeleton. In a yeast two hybrid screen utilizing a proline-rich domain that is highly conserved among the ProSAP/Shank family members, we isolated several cDNA clones coding for the insulin receptor substrate IRSp53. The specificity of this interaction was confirmed in transfected COS cells. Co-immunoprecipitation of IRSp53 and ProSAP2 solubilized from rat brain membranes indicates that the interaction occurs in vivo. The C-terminal SH3 domain of IRSp53 is responsible for the interaction with a novel proline-rich consensus sequence of ProSAP/Shank that was characterized by mutational analysis. IRSp53 is a substrate for the insulin receptor in the brain and acts downstream of small GTPases of the Rho family. Binding of Cdc42Hs to IRSp53 induces actin filament assembly, reorganization and filopodia outgrowth in neuronal cell lines. Our data suggest that IRSp53 can be recruited to the PSD via its ProSAP/Shank interaction and may contribute to the morphological reorganization of spines and synapses after insulin receptor and/or Cdc42Hs activation.

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