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Mycoses. 2002 Nov;45(9-10):378-83.

In vitro susceptibilities of cerebrospinal fluid isolates of Cryptococcus neoformans collected during a ten-year period against fluconazole, voriconazole and posaconazole (SCH56592).

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1
Department of Pathology, University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, Texas, USA.sinasit@gata.edu.tr

Abstract

We investigated the in vitro susceptibilities of 213 cerebrospinal fluid isolates of Cryptococcus neoformans isolated from 192 patients through a 10-year period, 1990-99, against fluconazole, voriconazole and posaconazole (SCH56592) by using the NCCLS (National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards) macrodilution method, M27-A. The overall MICs50 and MICs90 of fluconazole, voriconazole and posaconazole were found to be 2 and 8 micro g ml-1, <or=0.125 micro g ml-1 (both), and <or=0.015 and 0.06 micro g ml-1, respectively. The MIC ranges, MICs50, and MICs90 of three triazoles were also determined according to the defined year category (1990-94, 1995, 1996, 1997 and 1998-99). The MICs50 and MICs90 of each triazole remained almost unchanged and did not exhibit any sign of an upward shift during a decade (1990-99). However, a tendency for development of possible cross-resistance between the three triazoles was observed only in 1996. Meanwhile, the individual relapsing isolates (n:21) from 20 patients exhibited same, higher or, suprisingly, lower MICs, particularly against fluconazole and posaconazole.

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