Send to

Choose Destination
Biol Pharm Bull. 2002 Nov;25(11):1491-3.

Anti-invasive and metastatic activities of evodiamine.

Author information

Toyama Prefectural Institute for Pharmaceutical Research, Toyama, Japan.


We have recently reported that evodiamine can suppress in vitro invasion and lung metastasis by colon 26-L5 carcinoma cells. To extend our study, we examine here the anti-invasive and metastatic effects of evodiamine on Lewis lung carcinoma (LLC) and B16-F10 melanoma in addition to colon 26-L5 carcinoma. Critical structures of evodiamine for the activities were also evaluated by comparison with compounds possessing structures similar to that of evodiamine. Evodiamine concentration-dependently inhibited the invasion of B16-F10, LLC and colon 26-L5 cells with IC(50) values of 2.4 micro M, 4.8 micro M and 3.7 micro M, respectively. Pre-treatment of colon 26-L5 cells with evodiamine before inoculation into mice caused significant suppression of the liver metastasis as well as the lung metastasis. Lung metastasis by LLC is also inhibited significantly by pre-exposure to evodiamine. When the anti-migratory activity of evodiamine was compared with that of evodiamine-like compounds, rutaecarpine lacking a methyl group at N-14 and a hydrogen at C-13 b exhibited much less effect than evodiamine. In addition, reserpine, having beta-configurated hydrogen at C-13 b, inhibited tumor cell migration more potently than yohimbine, having alpha-configurated hydrogen at the same position. These results suggest that evodiamine may be useful as a leading compound for agents in tumor metastasis therapy. Also, the presence of a methyl group at N-14 and the configuration of hydrogen at C-13 b may be responsible for the inhibitory activities of evodiamine.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for J-STAGE, Japan Science and Technology Information Aggregator, Electronic
Loading ...
Support Center