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Free Radic Biol Med. 2002 Nov 15;33(10):1334-46.

Signal transduction in H2O2-induced senescence-like phenotype in human diploid fibroblasts.

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1
Research Unit of Cellular Biology, University of Namur, Namur, Belgium

Abstract

A stress-induced senescence-like phenotype is induced by exposure of human diploid fibroblasts to subcytotoxic H2O2 stress. Previous studies showed that TGF-beta1 is responsible for the induction of several biomarkers of replicative senescence within 72 h after stress: senescence-like morphology, senescence-associated beta-galactosidase activity, and an increase in the mRNA steady state level of four senescence-associated genes. Other studies showed that the retinoblastoma protein is responsible for the appearance of these biomarkers in the same conditions. Here we show that sustained p38(MAPK) phosphorylation is responsible for both H2O2-induced overexpression of TGF-beta 1 and subsequent TGF-beta 1-induced appearance of these biomarkers. p38(MAPK) phosphorylation is shown to be necessary for a self-sustained TGF-beta 1 overexpression after H2O2 stress through the activation of ATF-2 transcription factor, thereby creating a regulatory loop between sustained p38(MAPK) activation and sustained TGF-beta 1 overexpression after stress. p38(MAPK) activation is also shown to be responsible in part for the growth arrest observed in stress-induced senescence-like phenotype. At 48 h after stress, ATF-2 starts to interact with hypophosphorylated Rb, which allows the biomarkers of stress-induced senescence-like phenotype to appear. This report gives an overall explanation of how a senescence-like phenotype is established after subcytotoxic H2O2 stress.

PMID:
12419465
DOI:
10.1016/s0891-5849(02)01044-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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