Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Mol Cell Biol. 2002 Dec;22(23):8135-43.

Biallelic mutations in p16(INK4a) confer resistance to Ras- and Ets-induced senescence in human diploid fibroblasts.

Author information

Cancer Research UK London Research Institute, Lincoln's Inn Fields, London WC2A 3PX.


The INK4a/ARF tumor suppressor locus is implicated in the senescence-like growth arrest provoked by oncogenic Ras in primary cells. INK4a and ARF are distinct proteins encoded by transcripts in which a shared exon is decoded in alternative reading frames. Here we analyze dermal fibroblasts (designated Q34) from an individual carrying independent missense mutations in each copy of the common exon. Both mutations alter the amino acid sequence of INK4a and functionally impair the protein, although they do so to different degrees. Only one of the mutations affects the sequence of ARF, causing an apparently innocuous change near its carboxy terminus. Unlike normal human fibroblasts, Q34 cells are not permanently arrested by Ras or its downstream effectors Ets1 and Ets2. Moreover, ectopic Ras enables the cells to grow as anchorage-independent colonies, and in relatively young Q34 cells anchorage independence can be achieved without addition of telomerase or perturbation of the p53 pathway. Whereas ARF plays the principal role in Ras-induced arrest of mouse fibroblasts, our data imply that INK4a assumes this role in human fibroblasts.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center