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J Biomed Inform. 2002 Feb;35(1):52-75.

Emerging paradigms of cognition in medical decision-making.

Author information

1
Laboratory for Decision Making and Cognition, Departments of Medical Informatics and Psychiatry, Columbia University, Vanderbilt Clinic Bldg., 5th Floor, 622 West 168th Street, New York 1003, USA. patel@dmi.columbia.edu

Abstract

The limitations of the classical or traditional paradigm of decision research are increasingly apparent, even though there has been a substantial body of empirical research on medical decision-making over the past 40 years. As decision-support technology continues to proliferate in medical settings, it is imperative that "basic science" decision research develop a broader-based and more valid foundation for the study of medical decision-making as it occurs in the natural setting. This paper critically reviews both traditional and recent approaches to medical decision making, considering the integration of problem-solving and decision-making research paradigms, the role of conceptual knowledge in decision-making, and the emerging paradigm of naturalistic decision-making. We also provide an examination of technology-mediated decision-making. Expanding the scope of decision research will better enable us to understand optimal decision processes, suitable coping mechanisms under suboptimal conditions, the development of expertise in decision-making, and ways in which decision-support technology can successfully mediate decision processes.

PMID:
12415726
DOI:
10.1016/s1532-0464(02)00009-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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