Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Pathobiology. 2002;70(1):18-25.

Possible involvement of toll-like receptor 4 in endothelial cell activation of larger vessels in response to lipopolysaccharide.

Author information

1
Department of Pathology, Oita Medical University, Oita, Japan. hijiya@oita-med.ac.jp

Abstract

Toll-like receptors (TLRs) serve as recognition and signaling elements for bacterial substances. To examine the role of TLRs in endothelial cells of larger vessels in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced signaling, the expression and function of TLRs in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) were analyzed. A high level of TLR4 mRNA expression was found in HUVEC, human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and human monocyte cell line THP-1 cells. Little or no TLR2 mRNA expression was observed in HUVEC. In contrast, strong TLR2 mRNA expression was observed in PBMC and THP-1 cells. Moderate and high levels of TLR1 mRNA expression were found in HUVEC, PBMC and THP-1 cells, respectively. TLR3 mRNA expression was moderate in PBMC but weak in HUVEC and THP-1 cells. Little or no TLR5 and RP105 mRNA expression was observed in HUVEC, whereas a moderate level was detected in PBMC and THP-1 cells. The LPS-induced E-selectin expression in HUVEC was significantly inhibited by pretreatment with an anti-TLR4 mAb. Preincubation of HUVEC with an anti- TLR4 mAb significantly reduced the LPS-induced IL-6 production. LPS induced E-selectin and IL-6 production by HUVEC only in the presence of human serum, suggesting the involvement of soluble CD14. Anti-CD14 mAb strongly inhibited the LPS-induced E-selectin and IL-6 production by HUVEC. The inhibition with the concomitant treatment with anti-TLR4 and anti-CD14 mAbs was stronger than that with anti-CD14 mAb only, although it was slight. These results show that TLR4 in the presence of soluble CD14 plays a major role in the signaling of LPS in endothelial cells of larger vessels.

PMID:
12415188
DOI:
10.1159/000066000
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for S. Karger AG, Basel, Switzerland
Loading ...
Support Center