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Vet Microbiol. 2002 Dec 20;90(1-4):417-24.

Molecular and cellular interactions between Brucella abortus antigens and host immune responses.

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Department of Biochemistry and Immunology, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Av Antonio Carlos 6627, 30161 970 Pampulha, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil.


Host protection against Brucella abortus, is thought to be mediated primarily by a Th1 type immune response. Unfortunately, only few specific bacterial antigens involved in stimulating protective cellular immunity against Brucella are known. Therefore, identifying bacterial proteins that induce a T-lymphocyte mediated response is critical to determine Brucella immunity. Several library screening methods are discussed that have been used to identify Brucella proteins that stimulate T lymphocytes including cellular immunoblotting, Escherichia coli expressed Brucella proteins, green fluorescence reporter systems, and signature tagged mutagenesis. Future studies would likely examine how bacterial proteins expressed within host cells aid pathogen survival and/or induce host responses. Some of these newly identified bacterial gene products may serve as antigens to activate a protective host immune response. Also, identifying Brucella proteins expressed at particular times during infection will also yield insights into Brucella pathogenesis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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