Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Trends Pharmacol Sci. 2002 Nov;23(11):519-27.

Modulation of glycine receptor function: a novel approach for therapeutic intervention at inhibitory synapses?

Author information

  • 1Dept. of Neurochemistry, Max-Planck-Institute for Brain Research, Deutschordenstrasse 46, 60528, Frankfurt, Germany.

Abstract

Transmitter-gated ion channels mediate rapid synaptic transmission in the CNS and constitute important targets for many neuroactive drugs. Inhibitory glycine receptors (GlyRs) are members of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor superfamily and inhibit neuronal firing by opening Cl(-) channels following agonist binding. In this article, we discuss recent developments in GlyR pharmacology, delineate the receptor domains that are involved in binding of agonists and allosteric modulators, and present a molecular model of the extracellular architecture of the receptor. The recent discovery of compounds that act preferentially on specific GlyR isoforms and the differential expression of these isoforms in distinct regions of the developing and adult CNS show considerable promise towards the development of drugs that act in defined glycine-mediated pathways. In particular, compounds that can potentiate GlyR function should provide leads for novel muscle relaxants in addition to sedative and analgesic agents.

PMID:
12413807
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center