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Addiction. 2002 Nov;97(11):1449-63.

Community-based alcohol counselling: a randomized clinical trial.

Author information

1
National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of NSW, Sydney, Australia. a.shakeshaft@unsw.edu.au

Abstract

AIMS:

To examine the effectiveness of a brief intervention (BI) and cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) for alcohol abuse.

DESIGN:

A randomized trial with clients randomized within counsellors.

SETTING:

Community-based drug and alcohol counselling in Australia.

PARTICIPANTS:

Of all new clients attending counselling. 869 (82%) completed a computerized assessment at their first consultation. Four hundred and twenty-one (48%) were defined as eligible, of whom 295 (70%) consented and were allocated randomly to an intervention. Of these, 13 3 (45%) were followed-up at 6 months post-test.

INTERVENTIONS:

BI comprised the elements identified by the acronym FRAMES:feedback, responsibility, advice, menu, empathy, self-efficacy. Face-to-face counselling time was not to exceed 90 minutes. CBT comprised six consecutive weekly sessions: introduction: cravings and urges; managing crises; saying 'no' and solving problems: emergencies and lapses: and maintenance. Total face-to-face counselling time was 270 minutes (six 45-minute sessions).

MEASUREMENTS:

Treatment outcomes are measured in terms of counsellor compliance, client satisfaction, weekly and binge consumption, alcohol-related problems, the AUDIT questionnaire and cost-effectiveness.

FINDINGS:

When analysed on an intention-to-treat basis and for those followed-up. treatment outcomes between BI and CBT were not statistically significantly different at pre- or post-test, whether considered as continuous or categorical variables. BI was statistically significantly more cost-effective than CBT and there was no difference between them in clients' reported levels of satisfaction.

CONCLUSION:

For low-dependence alcohol abuse in community settings, BI may be the treatment of choice.

PMID:
12410785
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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