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J Biol Chem. 2003 Jan 3;278(1):672-8. Epub 2002 Oct 29.

alpha 1-Adrenergic receptor subtypes differentially control the cell cycle of transfected CHO cells through a cAMP-dependent mechanism involving p27Kip1.

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Department of Molecular and Cell Pharmacology, National Center for Child Health and Development Research Institute, 3-35-31 Taishido, Setagaya-Ku, Tokyo 154-8567, Japan.


Three distinct subtypes of alpha(1)-adrenergic receptors (alpha(1)A-, alpha(1)B-, and alpha(1)D-AR) play a prominent role in cell growth. However, little is known about subtype-specific effects on cell proliferation. The activation of alpha(1)A- or alpha(1)B-AR inhibits serum-promoted cell proliferation, whereas alpha(1)D-AR activation does not show such an inhibitory effect. Notably, cell-cycle progression was blocked at G(1)/S transition after activation of alpha(1)A/alpha(1)B-AR but not of alpha(1)D-AR. In agreement with the differential cell proliferation effect, cAMP production was increased after activation of alpha(1)A/alpha(1)B-AR but not alpha(1)D-AR, whereas all alpha(1)-AR subtypes are associated with inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate production and mitogen-activated protein kinase activation in a similar fashion. Furthermore, the serum-induced reduction in the levels of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor, p27(Kip1), was blocked after activation of alpha(1)A/alpha(1)B-AR but not alpha(1)D-AR. These results show that alpha(1)-AR subtypes differentially activate the cAMP/p27(Kip1) pathway and thereby have differential inhibitory effects on cell proliferation. Subtype-dependent effects should be taken into consideration when assessing the physiological response of native cells where alpha(1)-AR subtypes are generally co-expressed.

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