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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2002 Nov 8;298(4):598-602.

The domain-swapped dimer of cyanovirin-N contains two sets of oligosaccharide binding sites in solution.

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Laboratory of Chemical Physics, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases/NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA


The binding of high-mannose oligosaccharides to the domain-swapped dimeric form of the potent HIV-inactivating protein cyanovirin-N (CV-N) was investigated in solution by NMR, complementing recent structural studies by X-ray crystallography on similar complexes [J. Biol. Chem. 277 (2002) 34336]. The crystal structures of CV-N dimer complexed with Man-9 and hexamannoside revealed two carbohydrate binding sites on opposite ends of the molecule. No binding was observed at site 1, previously identified on the solution monomer of CV-N [Structure 9 (2001) 931; Shenoy et al., Chem. Biol. 9 (2002) 1109]. Here, we report the presence of four sugar binding sites on the CV-N dimer in solution, identified by chemical shift mapping with hexamannoside and nonamannoside, synthetic substructures of Man-9. Our results demonstrate that in solution the domain-swapped CV-N dimer, like the CV-N monomer, contains two types of sites that are available for carbohydrate binding, suggesting that the occlusion of the primary sites in the crystal is due to specific features of the solid state.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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