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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2002 Nov 8;298(4):531-6.

pCLCA1 becomes a cAMP-dependent chloride conductance mediator in Caco-2 cells.

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Department of Veterinary Biomedical Sciences, University of Saskatchewan, 52 Campus Drive, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada S7N 5B4.


Members of the CLCA protein family are expressed in airway and intestinal epithelium, where they may participate in secretory activity as mediators of chloride conductance. A calcium-dependent chloride conductance has been observed upon expression of CLCA proteins in non-epithelial cell lines. The pCLCA1 gene, cloned in our laboratory, codes for a product containing a unique A-kinase consensus acceptor site not found in other CLCA proteins. Calcium-dependent, but not cAMP-dependent, chloride conductance increased when pCLCA1 was expressed in NIH/3T3 fibroblasts. We transfected the Caco-2 human colon carcinoma cell line with pCLCA1 to investigate the regulation of CLCA-associated chloride conductance in this differentiated epithelial cell line. Expression of pCLCA1 in the Caco-2 cell line enhanced cAMP-responsive 36Cl efflux, short circuit current, and whole cell chloride current in these cells. This cAMP-dependent chloride conductance was localized to the apical membrane of polarized Caco-2 cells.

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