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Scand J Gastroenterol. 2002 Oct;37(10):1140-3.

Provocation of transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxations during continuous gastric distension.

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Dept of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Leiden University Medical Center, The Netherlands.



Transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxations (TLESRs) are triggered by gastric distension. The aim of the study was to investigate TLESRs during controlled prolonged gastric distensions using the barostat technique.


Twelve healthy volunteers (4 M, 8 F, age range 19-42 years) were studied under fasting conditions with combined esophageal manometry (Dentsleeve) and gastric barostat. Randomized isobaric distensions at 0 (control), 10, 12 and 14 mmHg were performed each period for 30 min with 30-min recovery periods in between.


The frequency of TLESR was significantly (P < 0.05) higher during all distension periods compared to control periods (4.0 +/- 0.4 TLESR/30 min versus 2.6 +/- 0.4 TLESR/30 min). The frequency of TLESR in the first 15-min period of distension was significantly (P < 0.001) higher compared to the second 15-min period pointing to adaptation (2.7 +/- 0.3 TLESR/15 min versus 1.3 +/- 0.2 TLESR/15 min, respectively). The frequency of TLESR correlated significantly with intragastric pressure (r = 0.47; P < 0.01) and wall tension (r = 0.48; P < 0.01), but not with intragastric volume. TLESR characteristics such as duration were not related to pressure or wall tension.


Acute gastric distension increases the frequency of TLESR but adaptation occurs rapidly. The frequency of TLESR during distension is related to pressure and wall tension rather than to intragastric volume.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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