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Int J Biol Markers. 2002 Jul-Sep;17(3):182-8.

Quantitative analysis of urinary daidzein and equol by gas chromatography after solid-phase extraction and high-performance liquid chromatography.

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Nuclear Medicine Operative Unit, National Cancer Institute, Milan, Italy.


Daidzein and its main metabolite equol are isoflavone phytoestrogens. Several studies have suggested that intake of an isoflavone-rich diet may prevent hormone-related cancer and estrogen-related disorders (cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis and menopausal symptoms). To better understand the role of isoflavones in preventing such severe disease, several methods have been developed to measure these compounds in biological fluids. However, the analytical procedures to measure isoflavones are often time-consuming and require highly skilled technicians. In this paper we describe a method for urinary daidzein and equol measurement that combines solid phase extraction and HPLC purification before gas chromatographic determination. The specificity of the method was confirmed by the gas chromatography-mass spectrometry technique. The mean recovery of daidzein and equol was 94.6% and 97.0%, respectively. The repeatability of the method was in the range of 2.0-7.4% for daidzein and 1.3-4.9% for equol. A linear relationship between observed and expected values was found in the dilution (r2=0.9983 for daidzein; r2=0.9982 for equol) and addition (r2=0.9984 for daidzein; r2=0.9989 for equol) assays. The method is suitable to measure changes in the urinary excretion of isoflavones and to investigate urinary isoflavonoids as biomarkers of isoflavone exposure.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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