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Am J Public Health. 2002 Nov;92(11):1795-800.

HIV infection and pregnancy status among adults attending voluntary counseling and testing in 2 developing countries.

Author information

1
Center for AIDS Prevention Studies, University of California, San Francisco 94105, USA. aforsyth@psg.ucsf.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

This study investigated the impact of HIV voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) on reproduction planning among 1634 adults in 2 sub-Saharan countries.

METHODS:

Data were obtained from a multisite randomized controlled trial.

RESULTS:

At 6 months post-VCT, the women more likely to be pregnant were younger (odds ratio [OR] = 2.5; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.0, 6.5), not using contraceptives (OR = 0.1; 95% CI = 0.1, 0.3), and HIV infected (OR = 3.0; 95% CI = 1.3, 7.0). An interaction emerged linking pregnancy intention at baseline and HIV serostatus with pregnancy at follow-up (OR = 0.1; 95% CI =.0, 0.4) Partner pregnancy rates did not differ by HIV serostatus among men.

CONCLUSIONS:

HIV diagnosis may influence reproduction planning for women but not for men.

PMID:
12406811
PMCID:
PMC1447331
DOI:
10.2105/ajph.92.11.1795
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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