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Cancer. 2002 Nov 1;95(9):1886-93.

Comparative analysis of CA125, tissue polypeptide specific antigen, and soluble interleukin-2 receptor alpha levels in sera, cyst, and ascitic fluids from patients with ovarian carcinoma.

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1
Department of Clinical Immunology, Wrocław Medical University, Poland.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The serum markers CA125, tissue polypeptide specific antigen (TPS), and soluble interleukin-2 receptor alpha (sIL-2Ralpha) concentrations were determined in sera, cyst, and ascitic fluids from patients with malignant and benign ovarian neoplasms.

METHODS:

CA125, TPS, and sIL-2Ralpha concentrations were measured in sera, cyst, and ascitic fluids by immunoassays in 67 patients with carcinoma and in 32 patients with benign ovarian neoplasms.

RESULTS:

CA125, TPS, and sIL-2Ralpha levels were elevated significantly in sera from patients who had ovarian carcinoma compared with patients who had benign neoplasms (P < 0.001). Patients who had International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) Stage III-IV disease had significantly higher serum levels for the markers studied compared with patients who had FIGO Stage I-II disease (P < 0.001 for CA125; P = 0.02 for TPS and sIL-2Ralpha). Concurrent measurement of CA125 and sIL-2Ralpha in sera identified 100% of ovarian carcinomas in FIGO Stage I-II. All patients with carcinoma demonstrated markedly higher levels of CA125 and TPS for both cyst and ascites compared with corresponding sera (P < 0.001). The level of sIL-2Ralpha was higher statistically in ascitic fluid compared with the level in serum (P < 0.001); however, its values in sera and cyst fluids were comparable. In ascitic fluid, the CA125 level was significantly higher in patients who had FIGO Stage III-IV disease compared with patients who had FIGO Stage I-II disease (P = 0.002), whereas such correlations were not found for TPS or sIL-2Ralpha. In cyst fluids, the levels of all studied markers were independent of the FIGO stage. In cyst fluids from patients with benign ovarian neoplasms, TPS and sIL-2Ralpha levels were significantly lower compared with the levels in patients with ovarian carcinoma (P < 0.001), whereas the values of CA125 were overlapping. CA125 and TPS concentrations were higher in cyst fluids compared with corresponding sera, whereas sIL-2Ralpha levels were comparable and low in cyst fluids and in the circulation of patients with benign neoplasms.

CONCLUSIONS:

In patients with ovarian carcinoma, TPS and CA125 concentrations were significantly higher in the place of their generation compared with the concentrations in blood circulation. sIL-2Ralpha values were higher in ascites compared with the values in corresponding sera, and its concentrations in sera and cyst fluids were comparable. The assessment of serum sIL-2Ralpha levels showed potential complementary value to CA125 for the detection of ovarian carcinoma in early FIGO stages; however, a 9% false positive rate limited the significance of cumulative value for a combination of these circulating markers.

PMID:
12404282
DOI:
10.1002/cncr.10917
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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