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Mol Endocrinol. 2002 Nov;16(11):2452-61.

Synaptosome-associated protein of 25 kilodaltons modulates Kv2.1 voltage-dependent K(+) channels in neuroendocrine islet beta-cells through an interaction with the channel N terminus.

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Department of Physiology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5S 1A8.


Insulin secretion is initiated by ionic events involving membrane depolarization and Ca(2+) entry, whereas exocytic SNARE (soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptor) proteins mediate exocytosis itself. In the present study, we characterize the interaction of the SNARE protein SNAP-25 (synaptosome-associated protein of 25 kDa) with the beta-cell voltage-dependent K(+) channel Kv2.1. Expression of Kv2.1, SNAP-25, and syntaxin 1A was detected in human islet lysates by Western blot, and coimmunoprecipitation studies showed that heterologously expressed SNAP-25 and syntaxin 1A associate with Kv2.1. SNAP-25 reduced currents from recombinant Kv2.1 channels by approximately 70% without affecting channel localization. This inhibitory effect could be partially alleviated by codialysis of a Kv2.1N-terminal peptide that can bind in vitro SNAP-25, but not the Kv2.1C-terminal peptide. Similarly, SNAP-25 blocked voltage-dependent outward K(+) currents from rat beta-cells by approximately 40%, an effect that was completely reversed by codialysis of the Kv2.1N fragment. Finally, SNAP-25 had no effect on outward K(+) currents in beta-cells where Kv2.1 channels had been functionally knocked out using a dominant-negative approach, indicating that the interaction is specific to Kv2.1 channels as compared with other beta-cell Kv channels. This study demonstrates that SNAP-25 can regulate Kv2.1 through an interaction at the channel N terminus and supports the hypothesis that SNARE proteins modulate secretion through their involvement in regulation of membrane ion channels in addition to exocytic membrane fusion.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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