Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Biochem J. 2003 Feb 1;369(Pt 3):453-60.

Sorting of carboxypeptidase E to the regulated secretory pathway requires interaction of its transmembrane domain with lipid rafts.

Author information

Section on Cellular Neurobiology, Laboratory of Developmental Neurobiology, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892-4480, USA.


Carboxypeptidase E (CPE) functions as a regulated secretory pathway sorting receptor for several prohormones, including pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC), proenkephalin and proinsulin. The association of CPE with lipid rafts in the trans -Golgi network and secretory granule membranes is necessary for its sorting receptor function. We now provide evidence that a domain within the C-terminal 25 residues of CPE functions as a signal for both raft association and the sorting of CPE to the regulated secretory pathway. A fusion protein containing the extracellular domain of the human interleukin-2 receptor Tac (N-Tac) and the C-terminal 25 amino acids of CPE was transfected into Neuro2A cells. This fusion protein floated in sucrose density gradients, indicating raft association, and co-localized with chromogranin A (CGA), a secretory granule marker. To define further a minimum sequence required for raft association and sorting, deletion mutants of CPE that lacked the C-terminal four or 15 residues (CPE-Delta4 and CPE-Delta15 respectively) were transfected into a clone of CPE-deficient Neuro2A cells. In contrast with full-length CPE, neither CPE-Delta4 nor CPE-Delta15 floated in sucrose density gradients. The sorting of both CPE-Delta4 and CPE-Delta15 to the regulated secretory pathway was impaired, as indicated by significantly increased basal secretion and a lack of response to stimulation. Additionally, there was a significant decrease in the co-localization of mutant CPE immunofluorescence with CGA when compared with full-length CPE. Finally, the sorting of the prohormone POMC to the regulated pathway was impaired in cells transfected with either CPE-Delta4 or CPE-Delta15. We conclude that the sorting of CPE to the regulated secretory pathway in endocrine cells is mediated by lipid rafts, and that the C-terminal four residues of CPE, i.e. Thr(431)-Leu-Asn-Phe(434), are required for raft association and sorting.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center