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Muscle Nerve. 2002 Nov;26(5):702-7.

Ion channel and striational antibodies define a continuum of autoimmune neuromuscular hyperexcitability.

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Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic and Mayo Foundation, 200 First Street S.W., Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA.


Neuromuscular hyperexcitability is a characteristic of Isaacs' syndrome. Autoantibodies specific for voltage-gated potassium channels (VGKC) or ganglionic nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (AChR) are markers of this disorder. To determine the frequency of these ion channel antibodies and of related neuron- and muscle-specific antibodies in patients with acquired neuromuscular hyperexcitability, we tested serum specimens from 77 affected patients (35 neuromyotonia, 32 cramp-fasciculation syndrome, 5 rippling muscle syndrome, and 5 focal neuromuscular hyperexcitability) and 85 control subjects. Among study patients, 14% had coexisting myasthenia gravis, and 16% had an associated neoplasm. We found that 35% had VGKC antibodies, 12% ganglionic AChR antibodies, 16% muscle AChR antibodies, and 10% striational antibodies. Overall, 55% had serological evidence of neurological autoimmunity compared to 2% of control subjects. Patients with neuromyotonia were more frequently seropositive (71%) than patients with cramp-fasciculation syndrome (31%). We conclude that acquired neuromuscular hyperexcitability consists of a continuum of clinical disorders with a common autoimmune pathogenesis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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