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Oncogene. 2002 Oct 31;21(50):7710-9.

Colocalization of human Rad17 and PCNA in late S phase of the cell cycle upon replication block.

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Institute of Veterinary Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University Zürich-Irchel, Winterthurerstrasse 190, 8057 Zürich, Switzerland.


In response to replication block or DNA damage in S phase the DNA replication and DNA damage checkpoints are activated. The current model in human predicts, that a Rad17/Replication factor C (RF-C) complex might serve as a recruitment complex for the Rad9/Hus1/Rad1 complex to sites of replication block or DNA damage. In this study we have investigated the fate of the Rad17/RF-C complex after treatment of synchronized Hela cells with the replication inhibitor hydroxyurea. In hydroxyurea treated cells the RF-C p37 subunit became more resistant to extraction. Moreover, co-immunoprecipitation studies with extracts of hydroxyurea treated cells showed an interaction of RF-C p37 with Rad17 and of PCNA with Rad9 and RF-C p37. An enhanced colocalization of Rad17 and PCNA in late S phase after hydroxyurea treatment was observed. Our data suggested, that upon replication block a Rad17/RF-C complex is recruited to sites of DNA lesions in late S phase, binds the Rad9/Hus1/Rad1 complex and enables it to interact with PCNA. An interaction of Rad17/RF-C with PCNA appears to be mediated by the small RF-C p37 subunit, suggesting that PCNA might provide communication between replication checkpoint control and DNA replication and repair.

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