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J Bacteriol. 2002 Nov;184(22):6130-7.

Metabolic flux in both the purine mononucleotide and histidine biosynthetic pathways can influence synthesis of the hydroxymethyl pyrimidine moiety of thiamine in Salmonella enterica.

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Department of Bacteriology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison 53706, USA.


Together, the biosyntheses of histidine, purines, and thiamine pyrophosphate (TPP) contain examples of convergent, divergent, and regulatory pathway integration. Mutations in two purine biosynthetic genes (purI and purH) affect TPP biosynthesis due to flux through the purine and histidine pathways. The molecular genetic characterization of purI mutants and their respective pseudorevertants resulted in the conclusion that <1% of the wild-type activity of the PurI enzyme was sufficient for thiamine but not for purine synthesis. The respective pseudorevertants were found to be informational suppressors. In addition, it was shown that accumulation of the purine intermediate aminoimidazole carboxamide ribotide inhibits thiamine synthesis, specifically affecting the conversion of aminoimidazole ribotide to hydroxymethyl pyrimidine.

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