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Vaccine. 2002 Nov 1;20(31-32):3744-51.

Induction of cytotoxic T-lymphocytes specific for bovine herpesvirus-1 by DNA immunization.

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Department of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, University of Nebraska at Lincoln, Lincoln, NE 68583, USA.


Cytotoxic T-lymphocytes (CTLs) are critical for the defense against herpesvirus infections, in which cell-to-cell spread occurs earlier than the hematogenous spread. The ability of bovine herpesvirus-1 (BHV-1) to undergo latency, to induce apoptosis of CD4(+) T-lymphocytes, and to down-regulate the expression of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecules, necessitates the development of immunization strategies that do not involve the live virus. The objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of DNA immunization as a means of induction of CTLs against BHV-1. Mice were injected either by intramuscular (IM) or intradermal (ID) route with a Sindbis virus-based plasmid carrying the gene encoding the glycoprotein D (gD) of BHV-1. Splenocytes from the immunized mice were re-stimulated in vitro with gD-transduced syngeneic fibroblasts. The CTLs generated specifically lysed syngeneic targets, either transduced with gD or infected with BHV-1. IM route of inoculation induced a better CTL response when compared to ID route with respect to onset, magnitude and duration of immunity. These results indicate the feasibility of using a plasmid carrying the gene encoding BHV-1 gD as an immunogen to induce CTLs against BHV-1.

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