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Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2002 Nov;27(5):583-92.

Mycobacterium tuberculosis-induced activation accelerates apoptosis in peripheral blood neutrophils from patients with active tuberculosis.

Author information

1
Departamento de Inmunología, Instituto de Investigaciones Hematológicas, Academia Nacional de Medicina, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Abstract

The activation of circulating polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN) from patients with active tuberculosis (TB-PMN) may be associated with induction of apoptosis. Spontaneous or Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB)-induced apoptosis of PMN were evaluated by microscopy, DNA content, and their binding to Annexin V at 0, 3, and 18 h. In addition, the expression of CD11b and of CD16 were evaluated as parameters of activation and apoptosis, respectively. Recently isolated TB-PMN showed a higher CD11b expression than normal PMN (N-PMN), but there were no features of apoptosis, even though an enhancement of Fas expression was observed. Spontaneous apoptosis was accelerated in TB-PMN at 3 h, but no differences were observed in TB- and N-PMN at 18 h of culture. When stimulated with MTB, both TB- and N-PMN steadily increased CD11b expression along the culture period. MTB induced apoptosis of N-PMN at 3 h with loss of CD16 expression. By contrast, MTB delayed the apoptotic rate of TB-PMN, preserving the CD16 receptor at 3 h, whereas it accelerated apoptosis at 18 h, increasing at the same time the expression of CD11b. Taken together, these data suggest that the acceleration of apoptosis observed in TB-PMN could be associated with the MTB-induced activation.

PMID:
12397018
DOI:
10.1165/rcmb.2002-0038OC
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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