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Crit Care Med. 2002 Oct;30(10):2271-7.

Does methylene blue administration to septic shock patients affect vascular permeability and blood volume?

Author information

1
Department of Medicosurgical Emergency, University of Ancona, Italy. donati@indi.it

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To assess the effects of the inhibition of guanylate cyclase, an enzyme involved in sepsis-related vascular and myocardial dysfunctions, on hemodynamic variables including blood volume and pulmonary vascular permeability during septic shock.

DESIGN:

Prospective, open study with repeated measurements.

SETTING:

A medicosurgical intensive care unit of a university hospital.

PATIENTS:

Fifteen patients with septic shock associated with persisting hypotension despite conventional treatment including fluid loading, vasopressors, and inotropes.

INTERVENTIONS:

A fiberoptic catheter was inserted for the determination of blood and extravascular volumes by the thermal-dye double indicator technique, using indocyanine green (COLD system). A bolus dose of methylene blue (3 mg/kg) was infused intravenously over 10 mins. COLD-derived variables were recorded before methylene blue and 20 mins, 1 hr, and 2 hrs after the end of methylene blue infusion.

MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS:

Standard hemodynamic and oxygen-derived variables; total, intrathoracic, systolic, and diastolic cardiac blood volumes; extravascular lung water; plasma osmolarity; and lactate and protein concentrations were recorded. Mean arterial and pulmonary artery pressures, systemic and pulmonary vascular resistances, and left ventricular stroke work index increased, and blood lactate transiently decreased after methylene blue (p <.05). The other variables recorded were unchanged during the 2-hr period following methylene blue infusion.

CONCLUSIONS:

This study confirmed the acute vasoconstrictive and positive inotropic effects of methylene blue during septic shock. These effects were not associated with changes in blood volume, myocardial diastolic function, or pulmonary vascular permeability assessed by extravascular lung water.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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