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Coron Artery Dis. 2002 Aug;13(5):263-8.

Mechanism of lumen gain during coronary stent deployment in diabetic patients compared with non-diabetic patients.

Author information

1
Department of Internal Medicine II, University of Vienna, Austria. bonni.syeda@akh-wien.ac.at

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Diabetic patients show an increased incidence of restenosis after coronary angioplasty than non-diabetic patients. This may be because of differences in the mechanism of lumen gain during coronary revascularization in this population cohort.

DESIGN:

This study analyses the mechanism of lumen gain during coronary stent deployment in diabetic patients compared with non-diabetic patients with intravascular ultrasound (IVUS).

METHODS:

IVUS images were obtained prior to and after revascularization in 26 diabetic and 97 non-diabetic patients. The external elastic membrane cross-sectional area (EEM) and lumen cross-sectional area (LA) were measured. Plaque area (PA) was calculated as EEM minus LA. Differences between pre- and post-LA (deltaLA), EEM (deltaEEM) and PA (deltaPA) were calculated.

RESULTS:

Pre-interventional PA (diabetic patients: 12.4 +/- 4.4 mm2 compared with non-diabetic patients: 10.7 +/- 3.6 mm2, = 0.04) and pre-interventional EEM (15.5 +/- 4.4 mm2 compared with 13.6 +/- 3.7 mm2 respectively, P = 0.02) were larger in the diabetic group. Postinterventional PA (10.2 +/- 3.2 mm2 compared with 8.0 +/- 3.4 mm2, P = 0.004) was also larger and postinterventional LA (6.3 +/- 2.2 mm2 compared with 7.4 +/- 2.4 mm2 = 0.04), deltaEEM (0.9 +/- 1.8 mm2 compared with 1.8 +/- 1.8 mm2 P = 0.04) and deltaLA (3.1 +/- 1.6 mm2 compared with 4.2 +/- 2.2 mm2, P = 0.03) were smaller in the diabetic group. The diabetic group exhibited longer lesion lengths (P = 0.04) and a higher inflation pressure was used during revascularization in this patient cohort (P = 0.02).

CONCLUSION:

Diabetic patients have less reduction of PA during revascularization and because the vessel wall cannot be stretched outwards despite higher inflation pressure, postinterventional LA remains smaller than in the non-diabetic population cohort. This might be a rudiment for consideration of different treatment strategies such as cutting balloon or atherectomy prior to stenting in this population group in order to achieve better procedural outcome.

PMID:
12394650
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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