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Blood. 2003 Feb 1;101(3):946-8. Epub 2002 Sep 19.

Changes in von Willebrand factor-cleaving protease (ADAMTS13) activity after infusion of desmopressin.

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Department of Clinical Pharmacology, University of Vienna, Austria.


von Willebrand factor-cleaving protease (ADAMTS13) cleaves von Willebrand factor (VWF) and regulates its physiologic function. To investigate the relation between ADAMTS13 activity and VWF, we compared ADAMTS13 activity with the VWF-related parameters VWF antigen (VWF:Ag), VWF collagen-binding activity (VWF:CBA), VWF-propeptide, proVWF, and VWF multimeric composition in 10 healthy volunteers and 3 patients with type 1 von Willebrand disease before and after infusing 0.3 microg/kg desmopressin. The VWF-related parameters in the volunteers increased 60 minutes after start of infusion by 3.7-fold for VWF:Ag, 7.2-fold for propeptide, and 2.2-fold for VWF:CBA. Unusually large VWF multimers and traces of proVWF appeared. The ADAMTS13 activity decreased to about half the initial value. After 24 hours values returned to baseline. Patients with type 1 von Willebrand disease showed similar results. We conclude that the inverse correlation between ADAMTS13 and VWF-related parameters suggests a consumption of ADAMTS13 after the desmopressin-induced release of higher multimers of VWF.

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