Send to

Choose Destination
Blood. 2002 Dec 1;100(12):4223-31. Epub 2002 Aug 1.

Rare RHCE phenotypes in black individuals of Afro-Caribbean origin: identification and transfusion safety.

Author information

Centre National de Référence des Groupes Sanguins (CNRGS) and Institut National de la Transfusion Sanguine (INTS), France.


The molecular backgrounds of variants encountered in Afro-Caribbean black individuals and associated with the production of clinically significant antibodies against high-incidence antigens (anti-RH18, anti-RH34) and against Rhe epitopes were determined. We showed that RH:-18 phenotypes are produced by 3 distinct RHCE alleles: ceEK carrying 48G>C (exon 1), 712A>G, 787A>G, 800T>A (exon 5); ceBI carrying 48G>C (exon 1), 712A>G (exon 5), 818C>T (exon 6), 1132C>G (exon 8); and the already known ceAR allele carrying 48G>C (exon 1), 712A>G, 733C>G, 787A>G, 800T>A (exon 5), and 916A>G (exon 6). The RH:-34 phenotype is produced by the (C)ce(s) haplotype described previously and composed of a hybrid D-CE(3-8)-D gene with 4 extra mutations next to a ce(s) allele (733C>G; exon 5) with an extra mutation in exon 7 (1006G>T). Partial Rhe with risk of immunization against lacking epitopes can be produced by the new ce(s) allele carrying an extra mutation in exon 3 (340C>T) and by the ceMO allele described previously. A population of sickle cell disease patients was screened to estimate the incidence of these rare alleles, with the conclusion that a procedure is required to detect the associated phenotypes in black donors to ensure transfusion safety for patients. We also described a new variant [ce(s)(748)] and variants carrying different altered alleles in nonimmunized patients and for whom the risk of immunization is discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire
Loading ...
Support Center