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Blood. 2003 Jan 15;101(2):621-3. Epub 2002 Aug 22.

Suppression of autoreactive T-cell response to glycoprotein IIb/IIIa by blockade of CD40/CD154 interaction: implications for treatment of immune thrombocytopenic purpura.

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  • 1Institute for Advanced Medical Research and Department of Internal Medicine, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.


The potential immunosuppressive effect of an anti-CD154 monoclonal antibody (mAb) on the pathogenic autoreactive T-cell response was evaluated using an in vitro culture system with glycoprotein IIb/IIIa (GPIIb/IIIa)-reactive T cells from patients with immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). The anti-CD154 mAb did not inhibit T-cell proliferation, but suppressed anti-GPIIb/IIIa antibody production, in bulk peripheral blood mononuclear cell cultures stimulated with GPIIb/IIIa. Repeated antigenic stimulation of GPIIb/IIIa-reactive CD4(+) T-cell lines in the presence of anti-CD154 mAb resulted in the loss of proliferative capacity and helper function for promoting anti-GPIIb/IIIa antibody production. These anergic T-cell lines showed a cytokine profile of low interferon gamma and high interleukin 10 and suppressed anti-GPIIb/IIIa antibody production. Our results indicate that blockade of the CD40/CD154 interaction induces generation of autoantigen-specific anergic CD4(+) T cells with regulatory function and could be a therapeutic option for suppressing pathogenic autoimmune responses in patients with ITP.

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