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Eur J Pharmacol. 2002 Oct 18;453(1):119-29.

Beneficial effects of GW274150, a novel, potent and selective inhibitor of iNOS activity, in a rodent model of collagen-induced arthritis.

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Institute of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, University of Messina, Torre Biologica, Policlinico Universitario Via C Valeria, Gazzi, 98100 Messina, Italy.


The aim of this study was to investigate the role of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) on the modulation of the inflammatory response in mice subjected to collagen-induced arthritis. Collagen-induced arthritis was induced in wild-type mice (iNOS-WT) treated with GW274150, a novel, potent and selective inhibitor of iNOS activity, and in mice lacking the gene for iNOS (iNOS 'knock-out', iNOS-KO), by an intradermal injection of 100 microl of emulsion containing 100 microg of bovine type II collagen and complete Freund's adjuvant at the base of the tail. After 21 days, a second injection of type II collagen in complete Freund's adjuvant was administered. iNOS-WT mice developed erosive hind paw arthritis when immunised with type II collagen in complete Freund's adjuvant. Over a 35-day period, macroscopic clinical evidence of collagen-induced arthritis first appeared as periarticular erythema and oedema in the hind paws. By day 28, the incidence of collagen-induced arthritis was 100% in type II collagen-challenged iNOS-WT mice and the severity of collagen-induced arthritis progressed with radiographic evaluation revealing resorption of bone. Histopathology of collagen-induced arthritis mice demonstrated erosion of the cartilage at the joint margins. iNOS-WT mice treated with GW274150 (5 mg/kg, i.p. daily) starting at the onset of arthritis (day 23), and iNOS-KO mice showed a delay of the development of the clinical signs at days 24-35 and an improvement of the histological status in the knee and paw. Immunohistochemical analysis for nitrotyrosine and for poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase revealed positive staining in inflamed joints from type II collagen-treated iNOS-WT mice. The degree of staining for nitrotyrosine and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase were markedly reduced in tissue sections obtained from type II collagen-treated iNOS-WT mice, who had received GW274150 and from iNOS-KO mice. Furthermore, radiographic signs of protection against bone resorption were present in the joints of iNOS-WT mice treated with GW274150 as well as in the joint from iNOS-KO mice. This study provides the first evidence that GW274150, a novel, potent and selective inhibitor of iNOS activity, attenuates the degree of chronic inflammation and tissue damage associated with collagen-induced arthritis in mice. Furthermore, these results suggest that the induction of iNOS and NO production are essential for the up-regulation of the inflammatory response during experimental collagen-induced arthritis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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