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J Mol Cell Cardiol. 2002 Oct;34(10):1241-7.

Elevated myocardial Akt signaling ameliorates doxorubicin-induced congestive heart failure and promotes heart growth.

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Molecular Cardiology, Whitaker Cardiovascular Institute, Boston University School of Medicine, 715 Albany Street, Boston, MA 02118, USA.


Doxorubicin is a chemotherapeutic agent that can induce cardiotoxicity and congestive heart failure (CHF). In this study we tested whether intracoronary Akt1 gene delivery could inhibit doxorubicin-induced CHF. Saline or a replication defective adenoviral vector expressing constitutively-active Akt1 (myrAkt) or beta-galactosidase (betagal) was delivered to the myocardium of 8 week old rats one day prior to initiating doxorubicin administration. In animals receiving saline or betagal, doxorubicin resulted in significant decreases in cardiac function and retarded post-natal heart growth at the 5 weeks time point. In contrast, transduction of myrAkt protected hearts against doxorubicin-induced decreases in fractional shortening and cardiac index, and improved left ventricular function at 5 weeks time point. Delivery of myrAkt also reversed the doxorubicin-induced reduction in post-natal heart growth and diminished lung edema. These data show that myocardial Akt can inhibit doxorubicin-induced reductions in cardiac function and growth, suggesting that manipulation of this signaling pathway may have utility for the treatment of congestive heart failure.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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