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Zh Vyssh Nerv Deiat Im I P Pavlova. 2002 Jul-Aug;52(4):467-78.

[A computer model of generation of the motor cortex neuron processes seen in the course of execution of instrumental movement].

[Article in Russian]

Author information

1
Department of Higher Nervous Activity, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow.

Abstract

A computer model of neuronal processes in the motor cortex column is presented. The model is consisted of two pyramidal cell layers with two groups of inhibitory interneurons, selectively controlling pyramidal cell soma and dendrite, in each. Active Na, Ca and K conductances are included in the model of a single neuron. Horizontal excitatory connections between pyramidal cells in the upper layer are largely of NMDA-receptor type, that in the lower layer--of non-NMDA-type. All inhibitory synapses are of GABA(A)-type. The model reproduces the main phenomenon observed in the motor cortex during the execution of conditioned movements. Consequent to an early excitation the upper layer pyramidal cells generate a late NMDA-dependent reflexive response to afferent conditional stimulation, which as in a real case is diminished by GABA(A)-type synaptic inhibition and afferent stimulus strength increase. The characteristic inverse relation between the late response manifestation and the stimulus strength observed in the real cortex can be reproduced in the model only if NMDA-glutamate receptors were preferentially localized in the terminals of pyramidal cell backward collaterals, not in the terminals of the afferent fibers on pyramidal neurons. The intended component of motor cortex neuronal activity is generated in NMDA-independent manner by the pyramidal cells of lower layer. The slow time coarse of intended component as compared with short duration of AMPA epsp's is due to a consecutive relay-race--like activation of pyramidal neurons with different dendrit-to-soma ratio.

PMID:
12391873
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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