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Liver. 2002 Oct;22(5):404-12.

Interleukin-1, interleukin-10 and tumour necrosis factor-alpha gene polymorphisms in hepatitis C virus infection: an investigation of the relationships with spontaneous viral clearance and response to alpha-interferon therapy.

Author information

1
Institute of Liver Studies, King's College Hospital, London SE5 9RS, UK.

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS:

Though there is a consensus that the HLA DQB1*0301 allele is important in untreated HCV clearance, this association is not universal and a number of genes outside the major histocompatibility complex may also play a role in host responses to HCV infection. Prime candidates, at present, are the genes encoding pro-inflammatory and immuno-regulatory cytokines. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between a number of these candidate genes and both spontaneous and treatment related clearance of hepatitis C virus infection.

METHODS:

Three members of the interleukin-1 gene family: IL-1A, IL-1B and IL-1RN, three polymorphic sites in the interleukin-10 gene promoter (- 1082, - 819, - 592) and two in the tumour necrosis factor-alpha promoter (- 308, - 238) were studied in two independent DNA banks, each with appropriate controls. Standard PCR-based genotyping techniques were used.

RESULTS:

No significant difference in the distribution of any of the polymorphisms was found in either study set.

CONCLUSIONS:

These findings in two large groups suggest that future investigations should focus on other candidate genes and may support the view that MHC-encoded susceptibility to chronic HCV infection may be determined by MHC class II rather than MHC class III genes.

PMID:
12390476
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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