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Immunogenetics. 2002 Oct;54(7):463-8. Epub 2002 Aug 2.

Identification of CD16-2, a novel mouse receptor homologous to CD16/Fc gamma RIII.

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Laboratory of Immunogenetics, Institute of Cytology and Genetics, Lavrentjev st. 10, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia.


It is believed that mouse Fc gamma RIII arose by an evolutionarily recent recombination, which brought together the extracellular domains from Fc gamma RII with the transmembrane/cytoplasmic region from the ancestor Fc gamma RIII. Here, we report identification of a mouse gene encoding a transmembrane receptor that may be regarded as the true ortholog of nonrodent CD16/Fc gamma RIII. Designated CD16-2, the novel protein is highly similar to human Fc gamma RIIIA in the signal peptide (60% identical residues), and in the extracellular domains (65%). Although the similarity between the two proteins is less conspicuous in the transmembrane/cytoplasmic region (54%), it is higher than between human Fc gamma RIIIA and mouse Fc gamma RIII (44%). However, the conserved transmembrane motif LFAVDTGL shared by rodent and human Fc gamma RIII and Fc epsilon RI has two replacements in CD16-2. The CD16-2 gene is tightly linked to the Fc gamma RIII and Fc gamma RII genes and consists of five exons. Northern blot analysis revealed that CD16-2 is expressed in peripheral blood leukocytes, as well as in spleen, thymus, colon and intestine. RT-PCR showed prominent expression in macrophage cell line J774. Based on sequence comparisons, it is suggested that the modern repertoire of the mammalian low affinity Fc receptors has resulted from repetitive duplications and/or recombinations of three ancestral genes.

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