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Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2002 Dec;283(6):E1185-91. Epub 2002 Jul 30.

Fasting for 72 h increases intramyocellular lipid content in nondiabetic, physically fit men.

Author information

1
School of Exercise and Sport Science, Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Sydney, Lidcombe 1825, Australia. stevestannard@ozemail.com.au

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine changes in intramyocellular lipid (IMCL) content in the vastus lateralis of nondiabetic, physically fit males over 72 h of fasting. Six men, mean age 35 yr (range 23-55 yr), body mass index 23.7 kg/m2 (21.2-27.4 kg/m2), undertook a water-only fast for 84 h. Vastus lateralis IMCL content was determined using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy after 12 and 84 h of fasting. Venous blood was sampled at 12-h intervals throughout the fast. IMCL-(CH2)n/water and IMCL-(CH2)n/total creatine ratios increased from 0.00623 +/- 0.00065 to 0.0142 +/- 0.0015 (P = 0.002) and 6.82 +/- 0.87 to 14.96 +/- 1.73 (P = 0.001), respectively. Plasma free fatty acid (FFA), serum triglyceride, and whole blood 3-hydroxybutyrate concentrations increased (P < 0.001, <0.05, <0.03, respectively), whereas plasma glucose and serum insulin concentrations decreased (both P < 0.001) during fasting. In conclusion, 72-h water-only fasting produces a large increase in plasma FFA concentration, a drop in serum insulin concentration, and accumulation of IMCL in the vastus lateralis muscle of nondiabetic, physically fit men.

PMID:
12388154
DOI:
10.1152/ajpendo.00108.2002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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