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Circ Res. 2002 Oct 18;91(8):681-8.

Cooperation between secretory phospholipase A2 and TNF-receptor superfamily signaling: implications for the inflammatory response in atherogenesis.

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Instituto de Biología y Genética Molecular, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Facultad de Medicina, Valladolid, Spain.


Atherogenesis is the consequence of a variety of effector mechanisms rather than the result of a single functional molecule. In this connection, type IIA secretory phospholipase A2 (sPLA2) is an acute-phase reactant, which accumulates in atherosclerotic arterial walls, elicits several effects on monocytes, and has been related to the development of atherosclerosis. CD40/CD40 ligand pair is also a strong proatherogenic system. sPLA2 produced an increase of the surface expression of CD40 in THP-1 monocytes and enhanced the effect of CD40 ligation on the expression of both Fas and FasL, thus indicating the existence of a positive cooperation between sPLA2 and different elements of the TNF-receptor superfamily. Activation of the CD40/CD40L dyad with anti-CD40 antibody produced a small release of arachidonic acid and lacked any significant effect on the induction of cyclooxygenase-2, whereas the secretion of the chemokine MCP-1 and the surface display of CD11b, the alpha chain of the integrin Mac-1, were upregulated. Engagement of CD40 did not influence the survival of THP-1 monocytes, but coincubation of THP-1 monocytes pretreated with anti-CD40 antibody and Jurkat cells induced a significant increase of the number of Jurkat cells showing binding of annexin-V, and nuclear condensation and fragmentation, thus indicating that this treatment might trigger a juxtacrine/paracrine mechanism of apoptotic death in sensitive cell types. This data indicates the existence of overlapping routes for the response to CD40, TNF-alpha, and sPLA2, thus allowing the development of distinct patterns of response in monocytic cells.

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