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Traffic. 2002 Nov;3(11):771-80.

Secretory pathway quality control operating in Golgi, plasmalemmal, and endosomal systems.

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1
Division of Endocrinology/Diabetes Center and Department of Developmental/Molecular Biology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, 1300 Morris Park Ave, Bronx NY 10461, USA. arvan@aecom.yu.edu

Abstract

Exportable proteins that have significant defects in nascent polypeptide folding or subunit assembly are frequently retained in the endoplasmic reticulum and subject to endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation by the ubiquitin-proteasome system. In addition to this, however, there is growing evidence for post-endoplasmic reticulum quality control mechanisms in which mutant or non-native exportable proteins may undergo anterograde transport to the Golgi complex and post-Golgi compartments before intracellular disposal. In some instances, these proteins may undergo retrograde transport back to the endoplasmic reticulum with re-targeting to the endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation pathway; in other typical cases, they are targeted into the endosomal system for degradation by vacuolar/lysosomal proteases. Such quality control targeting is likely to involve recognition of features more commonly expressed in mutant proteins, but may also be expressed by wild-type proteins, especially in cells with perturbation of local environments that are essential for normal protein trafficking and stability in the secretory pathway and at the cell surface.

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