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Epilepsia. 2002;43 Suppl 9:44-9.

Functional and morphological changes in the hippocampal neuronal circuits associated with epileptic seizures.

Author information

1
Department of Physiology, Nippon Medical School, Tokyo, Japan. emaru@mns.ac.jp

Abstract

PURPOSE:

We review what is currently known about functional and morphologic plasticity of hippocampal neuronal circuits in animal epilepsy models.

RESULTS:

Perforant-path kindling has been shown to enhance excitatory synaptic transmission in the dentate gyrus significantly, and this enhancement has lasted for > or =1 month after kindling. However, in our rapid kindling experiment with an interstimulus interval of 5 min, perforant-path kindling resulted in behavioral convulsions and prolonged the afterdischarge duration, but dentate synaptic transmission remained depressed during kindling.

CONCLUSIONS:

These results indicate that kindling-induced synaptic potentiation is not necessary for kindling development. Conversely, epileptic seizures have led to the anomalous sprouting of mossy fibers, a process thought to induce hyperexcitation of granule cells. We conclude that the sprouting of mossy fibers did not play a critical role in kindling, because we observed no significant correlation between the mossy fiber sprouting and kindling development. Epileptic seizures also have been shown to increase gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)A receptor-mediated inhibition during interictal periods. Although this strengthening of GABAergic inhibition is likely to be a defensive measure against seizure initiation, some studies have suggested that another type of GABAergic response facilitates seizure activity. The possibility of GABAA receptor-mediated excitation during ictal periods is theoretically examined.

PMID:
12383280
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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