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J Am Geriatr Soc. 2002 Sep;50(9):1476-83.

Translating clinical research into practice: a randomized controlled trial of exercise and incontinence care with nursing home residents.

Author information

1
UCLA Multicampus Program in Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology, Los Angeles, California 91335, USA. jschnell@ucla.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To examine clinical outcomes and describe the staffing requirements of an incontinence and exercise intervention.

DESIGN:

Randomized controlled trial with blinded assessments of outcomes at three points over 8 months.

SETTING:

Four nursing homes.

PARTICIPANTS:

Two hundred fifty-six incontinent residents.

INTERVENTION:

Research staff provided the intervention, which integrated incontinence care and exercise every 2 hours from 8:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. 5 days a week.

MEASUREMENTS:

Average and maximum distance walked or wheeled, level of assistance required to stand, maximum pounds lifted by arms, fecal and urinary incontinence frequency, and time required to implement intervention.

RESULTS:

Intervention residents maintained or improved performance whereas the control group's performance declined on 14 of 15 outcome measures. Repeated measures analysis of variance group-by-time significance levels ranged from P <.0001 to.05. The mean time required to implement the intervention each time care was provided was 20.7 +/- 7.2 minutes. We estimate that a work assignment of approximately five residents to one aide would be necessary to provide this intervention.

CONCLUSIONS:

The incontinence care and exercise intervention resulted in significant improvement for most residents, and most who could be reliably interviewed expressed a preference for such care. Fundamental changes in the staffing of most nursing homes will be necessary to translate efficacious clinical interventions into everyday practice.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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