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Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2002 Oct;60(1-2):186-91. Epub 2002 Sep 6.

Kinetic studies on glucose and xylose transport in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

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Department of Food Science and Technology, Research Center for New Bio-Materials in Agriculture, Seoul National University, Suwon 441-744, Korea.


Zero trans-influx assays of glucose and xylose were performed using Saccharomyces cerevisiae to investigate transport characteristics under high and low glucose conditions. Under high glucose conditions, most glucose was transported by the low-affinity transporter. The high-affinity transporter was expressed under low glucose conditions, transporting over 50% glucose. Inhibition kinetics revealed that xylose was transported by both high- and low-affinity glucose transporters. Affinities of both glucose transporters for xylose were very low under high glucose condition but increased to a similar level to glucose under low glucose condition. The maximum rate of xylose transport increased by 85%, while an overall maximum glucose transport rate decreased by 42% under low glucose condition, indicating the presence of other transport system for sugars except for glucose. It was suggested that expression of the high-affinity transporter and increased affinity of glucose transporters for xylose under low glucose condition would provide a fermentation strategy for enhancing the productivity of xylitol by recombinant S. cerevisiae harboring the xylose reductase gene.

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