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J Mol Biol. 2002 Oct 18;323(2):377-86.

Amide H/2H exchange reveals communication between the cAMP and catalytic subunit-binding sites in the R(I)alpha subunit of protein kinase A.

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Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California, San Diego 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093-0359, USA.


The changes in backbone hydrogen/deuterium (H/2H) exchange in the regulatory subunit (R(I)alpha(94-244)) of cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase A (PKA) were probed by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry. The three naturally occurring states of the regulatory subunit were studied: (1) free R(I)alpha(94-244), which likely represents newly synthesized protein, (2) R(I)alpha(94-244) bound to the catalytic (C) subunit, or holoenzyme, and (3) R(I)alpha(94-244) bound to cAMP. Protection from amide exchange upon C-subunit binding was observed for the helical subdomain, including the A-helix and B-helix, pointing to regions adjacent to those shown to be important by mutagenesis. In addition, C-subunit binding caused changes in observed amide exchange in the distal cAMP-binding pocket. Conversely, cAMP binding caused protection in the cAMP-binding pocket and increased exchange in the helical subdomain. These results suggest that the mutually exclusive binding of either cAMP or C-subunit is controlled by binding at one site transmitting long distance changes to the other site.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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