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J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2002 Jan;11(1):11-7.

Thrombin-enhanced matrix metalloproteinase-1 expression: a mechanism linking placental abruption with premature rupture of the membranes.

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1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, New York University School of Medicine, New York 10016, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Given the strong clinical association between the decidual hemorrhage of placental abruption and subsequent preterm premature rupture of the membranes, we assessed the effects of thrombin on the expression of the potent interstitial collagenase, matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1), in cultured endometrial stromal and decidual cells.

STUDY DESIGN:

Stromal cells derived from predecidualized cycling endometrium and decidual cells from term decidua were cultured in a defined medium containing estradiol, to mimic the hormonal milieu of the non-pregnant proliferative phase, or estradiol plus medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA), to mimic the hormonal milieu of pregnancy, in the presence and absence of thrombin. Culture media were examined for MMP-1 protein levels and cell lysates were examined for steady-state MMP-1 mRNA levels.

RESULTS:

MPA strongly inhibited MMP-1 levels in endometrial stromal and term decidual cells. However, thrombin overcame this suppression, producing MMP-1 levels that were several-fold higher than control levels.

CONCLUSION:

Extrapolation of thrombin-enhanced MMP-1 expression in cultured endometrial stromal and decidual cells to the in vivo pregnant state provides an explanation for the strong association between placental abruption and preterm membrane rupture.

PMID:
12380602
DOI:
10.1080/jmf.11.1.11.17
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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