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Cell Calcium. 2002 Oct;32(4):209-16.

2-Aminoethoxydiphenyl borate inhibits phototransduction and blocks voltage-gated potassium channels in Limulus ventral photoreceptors.

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Department of Biology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA.


2-Aminoethoxydiphenyl borate (2-APB) is a membrane-permeable modulator that inhibits the activation of inositol (1,4,5) trisphosphate (InsP(3)) receptors, store operated channels (SOCs) and TRP channels in cells that utilize the phosphoinositide cascade for cellular signaling. In Limulus ventral photoreceptors, light-induced calcium release via the phosphoinositide cascade is thought to activate the photocurrent. Injection of either exogenous InsP(3) or calcium ions can therefore mimic excitation by light. One hundred micromolar 2-APB reversibly inhibited the photocurrent of ventral photoreceptors in a concentration-dependent manner, acting on at least two processes thought to mediate the visual cascade. 2-APB reversibly inhibited both light and InsP(3)-induced calcium release, consistent with its role as an inhibitor of the InsP(3) receptor. In addition, 2-APB reversibly inhibited the activation of depolarizing current flow through the plasma membrane caused by pulsed pressure injection of calcium ions into the light-sensitive lobe of the photoreceptor. We also found that 100 micro M 2-APB reversibly inhibited both transient and sustained voltage-activated potassium current during depolarizing steps. 2-APB has previously been shown to block phototransduction in Drosophila photoreceptors. The lack of specificity of the action of 2-APB in Limulus indicates that this blockade need not necessarily arise from inhibition of InsP(3)-induced calcium release.

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